Medically reviewed by Marie Lorraine Johnson MS, RD, CPT — By Rachel Nall, MSN, CRNA và Charlotte Lillis — Updated on April 28, 2023

A coffee enema involves injecting room temperature coffee into the rectum. There is little evidence to tư vấn the use of coffee enemas, và they may be dangerous.

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Proponents of coffee enemas claim that they help detoxify the body, regenerate the liver, và reactivate the immune system.

However, there is no unique scientific evidence to support these claims. Moreover, most studies highlight the potential risks & dangers of coffee enemas.

In this article, we describe what coffee enemas are & outline what the research says about them, including the associated risks and warnings.

Most of the research regarding coffee enemas derives from case reports, which typically highlight the risks of the procedure.Medical professionals are unlikely to lớn recommend coffee enemas due lớn the lack of evidence regarding their safety and efficacy.

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An enema involves injecting fluid into the rectum. Some people perform enemas at trang chủ using coffee at room temperature.

According to the Canadian Society of Intestinal Research (CSIR), in the 1920s, a scientist suggested that coffee enemas would be more effective than saline enemas. He claimed that coffee enemas would stimulate the liver, detoxifying the body.

There are no unique studies to support these claims. Moreover, people who use enemas for this purpose risk disturbing the good bacteria in their gut, which may result in bacterial imbalances & digestive symptoms.

Coffee enemas can be dangerous if a person uses them incorrectly or too often.

A healthcare professional may perform an enema for various reasons, including:

delivering medicationrelieving constipationemptying the bowels before a procedureperforming a diagnostic test

However, these enemas typically use saline solutions & take place in a medical setting.

Is there evidence khổng lồ suggest that coffee enemas are beneficial?

The CSIR states that there are no benefits lớn coffee enemas. There are no quality studies khổng lồ suggest otherwise, & people risk rectal burns và caffeine overdose, alongside other complications of enemas.

A 2019 article notes that coffee beans contain a compound called cafestol. Proponents of coffee enemas claim that this compound stimulates the activity of an enzyme called glutathione S-transferase, which opens up the bile duct in the liver và aids digestion.

However, other research shows that coffee enemas bởi vì not correlate with changes in glutathione levels in the blood.

In addition, a 2020 systematic review of nine case reports investigated the safety and efficacy of self-administered coffee enemas. All nine case reports warned against this practice. Seven of the nine cases involved colitis following the enema, and two involved more critical adverse events.

The authors of the systematic đánh giá recommend against the use of self-administered coffee enemas as a complementary & alternative therapy that people can use for self-care.

It is not clear whether receiving a coffee enema from a qualified practitioner is any safer or more effective than self-administering a coffee enema. Further research is necessary to investigate this possibility.

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As coffee enemas are unlikely to help, a person can learn about alternative ways lớn ease digestive complaints here:

Several case reports outline the risks associated with coffee enemas.

A 2020 case study reports a case of proctocolitis in an otherwise healthy 40-year-old white female following a coffee enema. Proctocolitis is the medical term for inflammation of the rectum.

The authors chú ý that coffee enemas have been responsible for three deaths, two resulting from electrolyte imbalance and the other from sepsis.

According to lớn the authors, other reported complications of coffee enemas include:

stricture, which is an area of narrowing within the intestinesbowel perforation


Before considering a coffee enema, people should familiarize themselves with the potential risks of the procedure.

Coffee enemas remove potassium — an essential macronutrient — from the body toàn thân and can cause the following side effects:

infectionachingsweatingweaknessconstipation và colitis, particularly from long-term useheart problemslung problems

In some cases, the procedure can even be fatal.

Moreover, scientists know very little about the potential long-term risks of coffee enemas.

If a person wishes lớn perform enemas at home, it may be safer for them khổng lồ use fluids such as water or saline solution in place of coffee. However, relying on enemas may make it more difficult for a person to lớn have an unaided bowel movement in the future.

Anyone who regularly experiences difficulty going khổng lồ the bathroom should seek medical attention to determine the cause.

Max Gerson was a German-American physician who developed a dietary-based alternative therapy called “Gerson therapy” in the 1920s và 30s. Gerson claimed that the therapy could treat cancer & other diseases.

Cancer Research UK notes that the therapy consists of three parts:

3–4 coffee enemas or castor oil enemas per daydrinking đôi mươi pounds of crushed fruits và vegetables each day, which equates khổng lồ one glass each hour, 13 times a day

Gerson advocated the use of coffee enemas along with a vegetarian diet as a way to lớn heal and detoxify the body. He claimed that this therapy could cleanse the liver and that coffee enemas would help remove toxins from the body.

Despite the above claims, there are no clinical trials showing that coffee enemas can improve health. Conversely, case studies show that the procedure can have severe side effects.

Most doctors và naturopaths discourage people from trying coffee enemas. Over-the-counter enemas are likely a safer option.

However, people should always let their doctor know about any complementary or alternative therapies that they are considering.

Some of these therapies can worsen certain existing health conditions or interact with certain medications or supplements.

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A coffee enema is a practice that involves injecting room temperature coffee into the rectum. Some people may have a coffee enema khổng lồ try lớn alleviate constipation, while others may be aiming lớn boost their digestion or rid their toàn thân of toxins.

No high chất lượng scientific evidence suggests that coffee enemas are beneficial for health. Most of the research into coffee enemas derives from case studies, the majority of which highlight the risks of the practice. The risks include irritation or injury lớn the rectum or intestines, electrolyte imbalances, và infection.

A person who wishes khổng lồ try a coffee enema should speak with a doctor before performing or undergoing the procedure.

Some alternative và complementary therapies can worsen existing health conditions or interact negatively with medications or supplements.